Life Expectancy of Swimming Pool Components
Everything in this world has a life span, your car, your house, pool equipment and yes, even us. A typical swimming pool for example, is made of multiple different components. Most of which are are designed to be operate within extreme conditions such as snow, rain, heat you name it… Although these components are designed to be in these harsh environments for long periods of time, there are breaking points at which time the component requires replacement. The Life Expectancy Of Swimming Pool components is limited, so Regular inspections are an absolute must.
There are multiple different reasons why the Life Expectancy Of Swimming Pool Components fail, for example;
- Chemical imbalance
- Mis-use of time in operation
- Premature failure due to defects within a material component
- Mechanical wear due to age
- UV breakdown
The swimming pool shell is the base by which the entire swimming pool is constructed. In other words, it’s the foundation of a swimming pool. It’s important to realize that the swimming pool shell is constructed of solid concrete with rebar installed within this shell, all resting on a solid undisturbed soil bottom. Within this shell lies your pool repair, piping and equipotential bonding conductor.
The pool rebar is expected to last the life of the pool so long as its not exposed to oxygen, in which case the material may rust and deteriorate. Cracks with the bond beam, inner wall, cover or floor (shell) may allow this process to unfold. Therefore, leak detecting in some cases is a viable option when determining whether the shell is damaged. Although every case is different, even a damaged shell can be repaired.
- The Life Expectancy of Swimming Pool Components such as the pool shell is expected to last over 40 years.
Life Expectancy of Pump and Motor
The swimming pool pump and motor are two separate components. First, motor is what drives the pump. Swimming pool pumps will typically last 8-10 years before they’ll need to be rebuilt or replaced. Indeed, screeching from the motor may alert you to bigger issues such as bearings for example that need replacing. Other than re-winding the motor, a rebuilt of a pool motor usually consists of a new shaft seal and bearings which are sealed and do not require lube.
Pool pump motors are built to last in harsh environments. that said, with a little protection they may add life to the unit. That said, it’s not recommended that the pump motor be removed during winter as this may result in deterioration with the motors stator or rotor.
Second, the pump is what circulates the water through the swimming pool allowing thus allowing the water to be sanitized or cleaned. Moreover, the pool pump and motor operate for up to 10 hours a day in some larger swimming pools. That’s thousands upon thousands of hours in the life expectancy of swimming pool components such as in this case, the pump and motor. Clearly, you can see how their life expected life span is taxed by even this simple fact.
The most typical issues within pumps are leaks. Leaking within a pool pump can most of the time be found at the basket lid or the shaft seal. in both cases, repairs are relatively easy unless the case is damaged or otherwise will not fit tightly.
- The Life Expectancy of Swimming Pool Components such as the pool pump and motor is expected to last up to 10-12 years.
Filtration Life Expectancy
No matter which type of media you have, eventually replacement of the media and even the tank (housing) will be necessary. this is especially true in areas of the country where the heat is extreme and the fiberglass tank breaks down. Each individual filter type has a different life expectancy. Sizing the filter properly leads to a longer more healthy filtration system. Opposite that, a poorly sized media system will wear out at a much faster rate as well as the internal components.
Indications your filter no longer cleans and requires a full inspection.
- You find yourself backwashing more
- You’re running your system longer to get the water clean
- Water seems discolored, tingy, unclean
- Diatomaceous earth ends up at the bottom of the pool or spa
- Suction when vacuuming is decreased
- It’s difficult to maintain the waters balance
DE Filter Media
Although there are multiple different types of filtration available for your swimming pool, the DE Filtration system is by far, the most popular. Otherwise known as a DE filter or diatomaceous earth filter. Within this filter are filters components called grids. Typically there are around 8 grids within a filter, however, all filters are different. With these grids, there is a coating of diatomaceous earth which is applied over the grids that helps trap debris as it passes through. Occasionally, these grids develop holes which then require replacement of the media grids.
Typically, grids are replaced when they can no longer clean the water and backwashing just does seem to do the trick. Along with grids there are manifolds at the upper and lower ends of the DE filter. In time, these manifolds will become brittle and crack, thus requiring replacement.
- The Life Expectancy of Pool Components such as the DE filter grids is expected to last up to 8-15 years.
Sand Filter Media
Pool sand is made up of thousands of tiny particles. Of which, these particles have edges which are jagged. As these edges wear and breakdown they are thus incapable of trapping debris. At which point, the filter media in this case sand, will need replacement. The sand will develop lumps and clumps, telling you the sand is likely at the end of its useful life. To check the sand, you will likely have to remove the top which instn easily done.
- The Life Expectancy of Swimming Pool Components such as the Sand within the filter is expected to last up to 5-7 years.
Cartridge Filter Media
The cartridge is the second most popular filtration media on the presidential market. The cartridge filter media is made up of a canister which resembles that of a cars air filter. These filter, however, do not generally stand the test of time like their counterparts sand and DE. These filters are subject to more aggressive wear for their limited lifespan. These types of filter elements are inspected just about every time the filter is cleaned. With every cleaning, the cartridge element looses its ability to filter as efficient as the last time.
- The Life Expectancy of Swimming Pool Components such as the Cartridge within the filter is expected to last up to 2-3 years.
Swimming Pool Interior Finishes and How Long They Typically Last
We typically don’t think much of the surfaces we walk on when inside of a swimming pool unless of course the finish is painful to walk on. Plaster and pebble finishes are the most popular unless the pool is lined. That said, these finishes are what coat and waterproof the concrete shell and make it bearable to swim and walk on when enjoying the swimming pool. For the most part, the two popular residential finishes, plaster and pebble, despite their function are very different.
Heavy Metals, Calciums, & Salts and improper chemical balance are some of the most common reasons why pool plaster would require replacement. Although pool plaster is primarily an esthetic coating, aged plaster, however, can make your swimming experience very uncomfortable. Rough surfaces, chipped or missing material and exposed gunite are typical conditions you may notice in plaster. Furthermore, these conditions are signs that your plaster is at the end of its useful life. You’ll know when the plaster is bad simply by looking at it. Typically the finish appears to be mottled and very discolored. When you rub your hand on the finish its extremely rough and you may even see some spider cracking. Some larger cracks however, should be inspected for possible leaking.
- The Life Expectancy of Pool Components such as the pool plaster is expected to last 10-12 years. Less if you do not maintain the chemicals properly.
Concrete exposed aggregate finishes have grown leaps and bounds in the swimming pool industry over the last 10 years and for good reason. For the most part, these finishes offer a longer life span than that of typical pool plaster. Not to mention, the look and feel of real stone. These stone finishes are generally available in multiple colors and even different textures.
This material have a few cons. For example, the pebble finish is more costly than plaster. Another negative is that the material is very rough and may hurt your feet when swimming. Lastly, the material is very porous and thus makes cleaning and algae removal difficult. Especially black algae.
- The Life Expectancy of Pool finishes such as pool pebble finish is expected to last 20++ years.
Gas Pool Heater Life Expectancy
The swimming pool heater is one of the most expensive components within the swimming pool circulating system, at a cost of up to and over $2700 installed. In spite of their high cost, they are not meant to last. By and large, adverse pool chemistry such as high or low PH levels, high Calcium hardness and chlorine levels are the most common reason for swimming pool heater failure that there is.
- The Life Expectancy of Swimming Pool Components such as the pool heater is expected to last 10-12 years.
Swimming pool tile is set onto the bond beam or shell with mortar or modified thinnest. Over time, especially around the spa spillway this thinnest has the ability to break down and cause the tile to loosen. In some cases, the tile may also loosen if the connection of the pool coping to pool shell is loosened. This will in effect also cause the tile to loosen. Pool tile is often replaced when the pool plater is also replaced. If the pool tile is not affected by either example, it can last a very long time. That is… until its out of date. 🙂
The Life Expectancy of Swimming Pool Components such as the pool tile is expected to last 15-20 years.
The Life Expectancy Of a Salt Cell and Generator
The salt system is an excellent way to achieve sanitization without having to actually use chlorine tablets. The cells require regular maintenance in the form of cleaning. Buildup of Calcium will over time decrease the effectiveness and overall life span of the cell. Heat and High PG creates this calcium build up.
The Life Expectancy of Swimming Pool Components such as the pool salt cell system is expected to last 3-7 years.